[W] http://www.artnet.com/artists/barbara-kruger/

Barbara Kruger is a Conceptual American artist known for her combination of type and image that convey a directed, resolutely feminist cultural critique.

Her works examine stereotypes and the behaviors of consumerism with text layered over mass-media images, often rendered in black and white with red accents, and featuring short, confrontational phrases such as “You are a captive audience,” and “I shop therefore I am.

” Born on January 26, 1945 in Newark, NJ, Kruger worked as a graphic designer and art director after studying at both Syracuse University and Parsons School of Design in the 1960s, a career path that directly influenced the style that her art would eventually take.

Like multimedia artist Jenny Holzer, Kruger uses language to broadcast her ideas to the viewer in a myriad of ways, whether through prints, photographs, electronic signs, or billboards.

She has exhibited her work at The Museum of Modern Art and the International Center for Photography in New York, the Museum of Contemporary Art in Los Angeles, and at the Kunsthalle Basel in Switzerland, among other institutions. She currently lives and works between New York, NY and Los Angeles, CA.